Also called “single server”, one of the most known is Hario® V60.
Preparing filter-coffee with this type of percolator first of all requires placing the specific paper filter into the filter holder, then pouring it with hot water in order to remove any smell and, at the same time, heating the percolator. Then add the roughly ground coffee into the filter and, once levelled, pour the water previously heated up to 90-95°C.
The first part of the poured water, almost double of the weight of the ground coffee, will be used for the so-called “blooming”, an operation mainly required to prepare the coffee powder for the extraction and to get a more aromatic drink. After one minute, you can pour the rest of the water until the ideal proportion between water and coffee powder is reached, in accordance with your personal taste.
After the percolation process, coffee is ready to be served.
Or this extraction coffee has to be roughly ground, in order to let water leach smoothly from the powder.
Fill up with natural mineral water the part of the coffee maker that will be put on the stove; it is better to pre-heat the water in order to reduce the permanence on the stove and “stress” the coffee less.
Insert the filter previously filled up with ground coffee, and then close with the spout this part of the coffee maker.
When some water starts leaking from a specific hole on the wall of the boiler, it is time to switch off the heat and turn the coffee maker upside down as the water will have reached the boiling point. After the time required for the water to leach from the coffee powder, it can be served. Low temperature and lack of pressure give a drink full and rich in its taste; even if it is less dense than the moka pot, most typical “burning” smells are avoided.
Turkish (or Greek) coffee is prepared in the typical copper coffee maker called cezve or ibrik.
Coffee needs to be ground very subtly in this process, at the point to get a powder similar to icing sugar.
You have to put the coffee powder into the percolator, add natural mineral water and then bring it to a boil.
As soon as it boils, you’ll get a rich and very thick cream; then add sugar according to your taste and repeatedly heat to boiling. Serve directly from the ibrik, allowing the coffee powder to settle at the bottom of the cup before drinking.
Daterra is a Brazilian fazenda in Minas Gerais, the country of mines. It is big, meticulously organized and has various kinds of coffee. It was the first farm to be certified by Rainforest Alliance. There we saw mechanical harvesting for the first time. This should explain how far we are from industrial productions…Daterra supplies us since 2011. They are very friendly and hospitable, they dedicate a small tree called ipe branco to every guest. We welcomed them at our coffee roasting plant in Bologna for a workshop on technical tasting.
Biodiversity is expressed in the variety of plants and animals that populate the plantations: in Brazil, for example, it is represented by ant eaters in the midst of the rows.
In Brazil we also saw the so-called nurseries, huge greenhouses where small plants of coffee grow during their early years before getting transplanted in the fields.